01 Painting, Middle East Artists, Fahrelnissa Zeid’s Metropolis, ith Footnotes, #42
Fahrelnissa Zeid (7 January 1901–5 September 1991) was a Turkish artist best known for her large-scale abstract paintings with kaleidoscopic patterns. Also using drawings, lithographs, and sculptures, her work blended elements of Islamic and Byzantine art with abstraction and other influences from the West. Zeid was one of the first women to go to art school in Istanbul. She lived in different cities and became part of the avant-garde scenes in Istanbul, pre-war Berlin and post-war Paris. Her work has been exhibited at various institutions in Paris, New York, and London, including the Institute of Contemporary Art in 1954. In the 1970s, she moved to Amman, Jordan, where she established an art school. In 2017, Tate Modern in London organized a major retrospective of the artist and called her “one of the greatest female artists of the 20th century”.
In the 1930s, she married into the Hashemite royal family of Iraq. More on Fahrelnissa Zeid
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