01 Painting, Middle East Artists, THE ART OF WAR, Mahmoud Afifi’s The Resistance: I Have a Gun, with Footnotes #80

Henry Zaidan
2 min readMay 18, 2024
Mahmoud Afifi, 1920–1984
The Resistance: I Have a Gun

Oil on panel
121 by 55 cm. 47½ by 21¾ in.
Private collection

Sold for 32,760 GBP in October 2021

This painting is characteristic of Afifi’s “Hard Edge” style, which earned him the nickname of the “Egyptian Rouault”. The strong, thick black lines infuse a strong vitality to the scene. Afifi often used his signature technique to reclaim historic battles as a symbol of regional resistance. Under his brush, the Egyptian spirit of revolution is immortalized, rising again after centuries during the agitated period that Afifi witnessed in Egypt during his lifetime. More on this painting

Mahmoud Afifi (b. Alexandria, Egypt) graduated from the Faculty of Arts, 1940; thereafter in 1955 he obtained a diploma in Painting in Rome, Italy. Afifi was guided by the great mentor Hamed Said, who made him join his well known Art Assembly in 1946. Their mission was to go back to the origins and blend with nature. The uniqueness about Afifi’s work is the strong, solid and thick black lines he uses to define the figures, which is known as the “Hard Edge” style.

The pulse Of life of the Egyptian people can be noticed in Afifi’s paintings such as romance, family, and recent historical wars. Thus he went into a phase where he passionately started to symbolize the battles on his canvas where he daringly painted the Egyptian alliance against the enemy such as in the Salah El Din battle and the Rashid battle.

Another phase was sports which started after his participation in the Spain Biennale in the 1960s. The art of Afifi sometimes gives the illusion of joint glass windows while his expressional paintings are full of shape and distinct with grace and proficiency. More on Mahmoud Afifi

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Henry Zaidan

In my Blog is an Online collection of significant paintings from the 1st century to today; complete with art-history and artist bibliographies.