01 Work, Interpretation of the bible, Ventura di Moro’s MADONNA AND CHILD WITH SAINT ANTHONY, with Footnotes — 180
The Madonna and Child or The Virgin and Child is often the name of a work of art which shows the Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus. The word Madonna means “My Lady” in Italian. Artworks of the Christ Child and his mother Mary are part of the Roman Catholic tradition in many parts of the world including Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, South America and the Philippines. Paintings known as icons are also an important tradition of the Orthodox Church and often show the Mary and the Christ Child. They are found particularly in Eastern Europe, Russia, Egypt, the Middle East and India. More Madonna and Child
Saint Anthony or Antony (c. 251–356) was a Christian monk from Egypt, revered since his death as a saint. He is known as the Father of All Monks. His feast day is celebrated on January 17 among the Orthodox and Catholic churches and on Tobi 22 in the Egyptian calendar used by the Coptic Church.
The biography of Anthony’s life helped to spread the concept of Christian monasticism, particularly in Western Europe via its Latin translations. He is often erroneously considered the first Christian monk. Anthony was, however, the first to go into the wilderness (about ad 270), a geographical move that seems to have contributed to his renown. Accounts of Anthony enduring supernatural temptation during his sojourn in the Eastern Desert of Egypt inspired the often-repeated subject of the temptation of St. Anthony in Western art and literature.
Anthony is appealed to against infectious diseases, particularly skin diseases. In the past, many such afflictions, including ergotism, erysipelas, and shingles, were historically referred to as St. Anthony’s fire. More on Saint Anthony
Ventura di Moro was active in Florence in the fifteenth century and specialized in small-scale portable tabernacles destined for private devotion. Formerly known as the Pseudo-Ambrogio di Baldese, he was identified as Ventura di Moro based on the signature on the edge of the blue cloak in his Madonna and Child of circa 1430 in the Pinacoteca Nazionale in Siena.1 Documentary evidence tells us much of Ventura’s life: in 1416 he was enrolled in the Accademia di San Luca, the painter’s guild, and by 1427 he was running a busy workshop with the help of two other artists who are otherwise unknown, Giuliano di Jacopo and Marco di Filippo. None of Ventura’s recorded works is extant other than two ruined detached frescoes depicting the Story of Saint Peter Martyr painted in 1446 with Rossello Jacopo Franchi for the façade of the Bigallo Oratory in Florence. More on Ventura di Moro
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